The following is the tenth weekâ€™s lesson. We consider the examples of Abraham and David with an excursus on faith.
Romans 4:1-15Â 4Â What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? 2Â For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3Â For what does the Scripture say? â€œAbraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.â€ 4Â Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. 5Â And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, 6Â just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works:
7Â â€œBlessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven,Â and whose sins are covered;Â 8Â blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.â€
9Â Is this blessing then only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? For we say that faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness. 10Â How then was it counted to him? Was it before or after he had been circumcised? It was not after, but before he was circumcised. 11Â He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well, 12Â and to make him the father of the circumcised who are not merely circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
13Â For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith. 14Â For if it is the adherents of the law who are to be the heirs, faith is null and the promise is void. 15Â For the law brings wrath, but where there is no law there is no transgression.